Flamenco is not just a musical style, it is an art form. In fact, it is one of the most international artistic representations of our country. Music, dance, sing and, above all, a lot of feeling are the great protagonists of flamenco. This artistic expression is born from the mixture of many cultures, Arabic, Jewish, Gypsy and Andalusian.
From that cultural hodgepodge that occurred in Andalusia Flamenco emerged, that’s why the cradle of it is the riverbank of the Guadalquivir.
There began and developed this art, becoming a universal artistic manifestation.
Another influence from the Middle Ages is found in the era of Muslim Spain. Andalusian music resulted from the merger between the one from North Africa, the Christian and the Jewish.
It did not start in a specific year, it was created little by little with all the mixtures of cultures and for approximately two centuries it is when it begins to express as we know it today, although there is documented news, towards the year 1770, in which they tell that some parties and meetings were held in which the gypsies exhibited dances and songs that were the background of flamenco that we know today.
Between 1765 and 1860 we found three important centers that would create a school, Cádiz, Jerez de la Frontera, and the Triana neighborhood of Seville, which is located in front of our room.
Between 1860 and 1910 you enter a more prolific era, in which flamenco begins to evolve, called The Golden Age of Flamenco. At this time the singing cafes flourish, developing flamenco all its facets; the instrumental, the one of singing and the one of dance, until definitively fixing what we could consider classicism of the “jondo”. The dance acquires an unprecedented splendor, this being the main attraction for the public of these singing cafés and a great boost is given to the guitar, as a fundamental and indispensable complement for singing and dancing.
Between 1910 and 1955, the singing is marked by what has come to be called the stage of the Flamenco Opera where the lightest songs such as fandangos and round-trip songs are sent.
On the other hand, important artists have taken flamenco across the five continents and, of course, Andalusia is still the capital of flamenco, where it is most concentrated and where this art is most often enjoyed in its purest form.
Flamenco has been officially a universal art since November 16, 2010. UNESCO included that day this Spanish cultural event in the representative list of Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
There are more than fifty different clubs, not to mention that flamenco is a musical genre in which improvisation and the personal touch of the artist is essential.
Flamenco sticks are each of the singing styles of this art.
To understand them, it is important to know that each of the flamenco clubs has a structure, with a fixed part and with a variable part (because in a flamenco tablao everything can happen, and you have to leave a space for improvisation). As all the artists of a flamenco painting know this structure, they all go “to the same beat” (never better).
The most common flamenco sticks are the dances:
- Joys: His own name says so; It is a compass that indicates party and joy. Its compass is the same as that of the soleá, but it goes faster.
- Bulerías: There is no flamenco party that does not end with bulerías. It is the most flexible singing and dancing of the flamenco clubs, and it seems that it comes from the gypsies of Jerez, in Cádiz. The compass is the same as that of the soleá, but thrilling! Bulerías transmit noise, uproar … In the case that they are bulerías by soleás, the pace is slower.
- Fandangos: Of Arabic and Portuguese origin, this compass reminds us of fado and the mixture of cultures. Each area has made its own style, and so today we have the fandangos of Huelva, the fandangos of Málaga (or malagueñas), etc.
- Seguiyas (or seguidillas): It is a song full of feeling, sad and painful, the one that most reminds us of deep singing. His dance is usually very solemn, without ornaments, and very exciting.
- Sevillanas: It is possibly the most widespread flamenco dance; It is danced throughout Andalusia and has the uniqueness that it is danced in pairs.
Soleás or soleares: It is discussed if its name comes from loneliness, or from sun, that is, setting the sun. It is also a solemn song, with feeling, and is one of the pillars of the flamenco clubs.
- Tangos: Like soleares, tangos are one of the most fundamental and oldest flamenco clubs. The dance by tangos is possibly the oldest, although later this stick has become independent only by singing. This is where a flamenco can show all his mischief, his grace and his salt shaker.
When gypsy tango slows down, it becomes more insinuating if possible, and then takes the name of Tiento.
How to differentiate flamenco sticks?
Most flamenco clubs are grouped into families, and it almost always depends on where the accent is placed. To begin, you have to realize the metrics of the song, the measures, the musical accent, where is the “beat” …
You can also differentiate flamenco sticks according to their lyrics and stanzas, as we do with poetry.
To be able to differentiate the sticks you have to be an expert or have the experience of years. To start we will enjoy them within Flamenco Andalusí, where we will give a brushstroke to some of them and.
Where we will begin to love flamenco.
Enjoy the show!